Whether we take our car, the bus, or a bicycle, tires are a necessity in most of our travels in modern-day life. Because the pneumatic tire had a real boom at the end of the 19th century with the development of the automobile, few now know that it was originally invented for a tricycle.
In 1846, Robert William Thomson, a 23-year-old engineer and Scottish entrepreneur, filed a patent in France for a wheel called "leather filled with air". This was the very first tire. Unfortunately for him, his invention disappeared into oblivion and poor Thomson had to console himself with his invention of the fountain pen.
A veterinarian who was probably tired of the noise caused by the wooden wheels of his son's tricycle, invents a bandage to soundproof them.
40 years later, and without knowledge of Thomson’s invention, another Scotsman, John Boyd Dunlop, a veterinarian who was probably tired of the noise caused by the wooden wheels of his son's tricycle, invents a bandage to soundproof them. He rolls rubber sheets around an axle to form an elastic cylinder and then glues the sides in order to fill them with air. In addition to finding peace, it makes the wheels more comfortable, gives greater traction, and improves speed.
On December 7, 1888, Dunlop filed a patent for the pneumatic tire.
On December 7, 1888, Dunlop filed a patent for the pneumatic tire. And in 1989, using the vulcanization process invented by Charles Goodyear to stabilize the rubber for better resistance to heat spreading, he launched his first factory and met with great success with cyclists.
In 1891, the brothers Edouard and André Michelin invented the removable tire with a separate inner tube.
In 1891, the brothers Edouard and André Michelin invented the removable tire with a separate inner tube. These facilitated repairs in cases of puncturing. André then had the idea of using the tire for automobiles. Thanks to the timing of their invention at the beginning of the 20th century, and that of the motorcycle, their tire was an immediate success.

Invention notes

Le grille-pain

Le grille-pain

Si ce n’est pas vous qui vous êtes levé pour l’enclencher, l’odeur sucrée qu’il confère au pain lorsqu’il le grille vient gentiment chatouiller vos narines pour vous sortir du lit.

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The non-stick frying pan

Ever since 1956, our fried eggs have happily slid around frying pans without the need for oil thanks to the efforts of the French engineer.

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The application

This is the prerequisite for protection.

An application is the first act of protection, and must also contain the invention’s protection strategy.

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Protection

A patent provides both legal and economic protection throughout the life of the innovation.

Valorization

A patent provides numerous benefits: it is a competitive advantage, a source of revenue, and represents future capital.

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